A Brief Overview of Infertility in the United States

Fertility expert

Infertility is caused by a variety of factors. A fertility expert, such as a reproductive endocrinologist, may be able to assist many couples with conceiving and giving birth. There are a variety of infertility procedures available for women, including artificial insemination and IVF treatment.

Causes of Infertility

Both men and woman may have fertility issues that prevent them from having a baby together. Infertility may be attributed to the female or the male partner, or both in combination.

It has been found that one-third of infertility issues are due to issues with women’s reproductive systems and one-third to men’s reproductive systems. The remaining one-third is due to combined issues with both partners, and In some cases, no explanation for infertility has been found.

There are approximately one-in-eight couples that experience issues conceiving, as well as sustaining, their pregnancy. Many couples, or women in particular, have not sought infertility services. It has been found, however, that approximately 7.4 million received infertility services such as IVF treatment.

Women and Conception

Between the ages of 20-to-24, women are the most fertile. In any given month, couples with normal functioning reproductive systems between the ages of 29-to-33 have a 20%-to-25% chance of conceiving.

Fertility, however, begins to decline when women are around 30. After 35, women tend to experience an increased difficulty with becoming pregnant. When women are 40, just two-in-five women will be able to have a baby.

Women and Infertility

In the United States, there are approximately 6.7 million women between the ages of 15-to-44 that have experienced impaired fecundity. Basically, this means that they have an impaired ability to become pregnant and remain pregnant until they can deliver a baby at term.

Treatment Protocols and Infertility

When women are aware of their infertility issues, 44% have looked for medical intervention. Of those women that sought medical assistance, such as IVF treatment, around 65% have been able to conceive and sustain their pregnancy until birth.

Infertility cases have been treated with drug therapy as well as surgical procedures. These protocols have been utilized in approximately 85%-to-90% of the couples being treated.

Men’s Fertility Study

In 2002, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) analyzed data from a study that examined male fertility issues. In the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, it was shown that men have also sought seen a doctor that specializes in fertility issues.

Furthermore, the above survey showed that given sexually-experienced men under 45 years of age, 7.5% had seen a fertility doctor at some point during their life. This amounts to 3.3-to-4.7 million men that have been concerned about their ability to participate in conceiving a child.

Insurance Coverage of Infertility Treatments


Currently, more states have passed laws that require insurance companies to cover specific, or some level of, infertility treatments. These states are as follows:

    Arkansas
    California
Connecticut
    Hawaii
    Illinois
    Louisiana
    Maryland
    Massachusetts
    Montana
    New Jersey
    New York
    Ohio
    Rhode Island
    Texas
    West Virginia

Important strides in reproductive medicine continue to be made. A fertility center can make an assessment of a couple’s specific situation and provide options that may include IVF treatment.




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